With an estimated 390 million people living in extreme poverty, hunger and food insecurity, Africa is in a race against time to deliver on its regional and global development goals.
On the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York, African heads of states and governments met to emphasize urgent collective action and the need for greater collaboration between the United Nations and the African Development Bank (AfDB) to fast-track Africa’s development.
The meeting, convened by the African Development Bank and the United Nations, was “the first of its kind” between the two institutions taking place at the UN Headquarters, said the UN Deputy Secretary General, Amina Mohammed.
Underscoring the strong convergence between the continent’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the African Development Bank’s High 5s, Mohammed said it was time to join forces to deliver.
“We are entering into the decade of action to deliver the SDG’s…The investment requirements are vast,” Mohammed said.
“The role of the African Development Bank is crucial…to help de-risk investments and attract investment flows……..Africa’s premier institution needs much more support,” she added.
The leaders called for additional resources to drive the urgent task of Africa’s development.
Speaking at the meeting, the President of the African Development Bank, Akinwumi Adesina, said: “The clock is ticking, the seconds are passing very fast, yet we still have time left on the clock. We can still close the gap. I am fully convinced that with a change of pace, driven by a greater sense of urgency, and global collective responsibility, Africa can still achieve the SDGs.”
The two-hour meeting, moderated by the African Development Bank, was attended by seven African Presidents – from Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Ethiopia and Lesotho, in addition to representatives of some 30 governments.
The leaders spoke of what had worked in their countries, including mainstreaming development goals into national plans, scaling up initiatives, and the implications of harmonising policies and strategic entry points for the implementation of development goals at national, regional and global levels.
Ambitious development initiatives undertaken by the bank with regional collaboration are already showing success, such as Desert to Power, which aims to provide access to electricity for 250 million people across the 11 countries of the Sahel, 90 million of them through off-grid systems.
Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Vera Songwe, called the SDGs Africa’s “highest challenge.”
Stemming the tide of illicit financial flows, public debt and tax evasion would be urgent measures to be taken by leaders if they meant to stay on track, she said.
Areas for potential collaboration include climate change in Africa, gender mainstreaming, promoting private sector investment, measures to utilise risk insurance to mitigate impact of natural disasters in Africa and appropriate security arrangements to support the bank’s operations in fragile states in on the continent.
The African Continental Free Trade Area, which came into force this year and creates the world’s largest free trade zone, would be another major area for collaboration under the partnership.
An assessment by the United Nations Development Programme has clearly shown that achieving the AfDB’s High 5s would allow Africa to achieve about 90 per cent of the SDGs.
To this end, Adesina said: “So, the faster we deliver on the High 5s, the faster we will reach our goal and desired destination.”